Poultry only needs a minimal amount of the vitamin B complex because it is necessary for regular growth, development, & reproduction.
There are two types of vitamins, those that are fat-soluble and those that are water-soluble. Vitamins A, D, E, & K are all fat-soluble nutrients. Vitamin C as well as the B vitamins are examples of water-soluble nutrients.
Vitamin C is not required in the diet of poultry because the animal can produce it. When chicks are under a lot of pressure, taking vitamin C supplements can help.
Epithelial cells can’t develop, divide, or stay in excellent health without vitamin A. Conjunctivitis, oculo-nasal discharge, & crusted eyelids caused by thick exudates are symptoms of a nutritional group, which is caused by a deficiency. In severe cases, the mucosa of the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts necrose and keratinized. Vitamin A is found in high concentrations in fish liver oil & leafy green vegetables.
Bone growth, healthy development, & eggshell creation all rely on enough calcium and phosphorus intake, and vitamin D3 is necessary for this process to occur.
The bird’s flesh can synthesize vitamin D when exposed to sunshine. Rickets is caused by a lack of this mineral. The birds lay eggs having thin shells that are less likely to hatch, they have weak legs, and they sit like penguins. Flexibility increases in the beak, claws, & ribs.
The unique bending of the sternum & spine. Vitamin D is abundant in fish liver oils.
Vitamin E is crucial to healthy brain function because of its antioxidant properties. Encephalomalacia, sometimes known as “crazy chick illness,” exudative diathesis, & muscular dystrophy are all symptoms of a deficiency in small birds.
Vitamin K has such a preventive effect against coccidiosis and also is necessary for the manufacture of prothrombin, which plays a key part in blood clotting mechanisms.
Vitamin K deficiency has been linked to an increase in blood stains in eggs, hemorrhaging in the legs & breast, and a lack of blood coagulation.
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) is essential to metabolism since it is a component of enzyme systems. In chickens, a lack of this nutrient causes diarrhea and “curled toe paralysis” between the ages of one and two weeks.
Birds with this condition use their wings for support as they hop around on their hocks. Adult birds show signs of lowered fertility, including fewer eggs laid, higher rates of embryonic death, and chicks that die before hatching, with symptoms including short stature, deformed plumage, as well as a disproportionately large head.
Between 18 and 20 days of incubation, embryo mortality is highest. Vitamin B1 is found in high concentrations in grasses & brewer’s yeast. The breakdown of carbohydrates relies on thiamine (Vitamin B1). The affected birds have symptoms of anorexia, including losing weight, ruffled feathers, drooping wings, and muscle cramps.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) is required for efficient oxidative metabolism. Deficiencies cause spasmodic convulsions & jerky movements in ailing birds. Cereal grains, yeast, & alfalfa meal should all be included in the avian’s diet.
Vitamin B12, also known as cyanocobalamin, has a role in methyl production, glucose and lipid metabolism, and DNA and RNA synthesis. This is a component of all foods derived from animals.
A lack of it causes developmental delays, inefficient feed utilization, and lower hatch rates. On the eighteenth day of incubation, embryonic mortality is highest.
There may be amyotrophy of the legs & hemorrhages in the embryo’s allantois. Vitamin B12 is found in foods including fish meals, milk, and animal proteins.
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What should I feed my Chickens daily?
Happier, healthier chickens can be guaranteed by feeding them a diet of carefully selected fruits, vegetables, and grains. Leafy greens, cooked beans, corn, non-sugary cereals & grains, berries, apples, and most other fruits and vegetables are all excellent alternatives.
What happens if Chickens get too much protein?
Chickens can develop kidney failure if their diet contains excessive amounts of protein, therefore it’s important to feed them the right amount.
Is it cheaper to make your own Chicken feed Why?
Feeding your flock homemade food not only improves their health but also saves them money in the long run. If you have access to grains & seeds in bulk from your neighborhood supermarket or bulk food retailer, this is the most budget-friendly alternative.
What can I grow to supplement my Chicken Feed?
Seeds from ornamental plants like sunflowers and millet are a rich source of protein, while vegetables like maize and brassicas (sprouts, cabbages, and kale) are also great for this purpose. In the colder months, you can supplement your chickens’ protein intake with sprouted seeds.
The great sources of vitamins A, D, E, and K include wheat germ oil, fish liver oil, alfalfa meal, greens, germinated pulses, soybean oil, cereals, and fish meals.
Energy metabolism is just one of the many metabolic processes that the B vitamins contribute to. In order to guarantee optimal quantities of all vitamins and also to adjust for the different levels of vitamins contained naturally in food, a vitamin premix is often utilized.
The birds assume a star-gazing’ stance in which they perch with their legs flexed & their heads retracted. Rice polish, wheat bran, as well as other cereal grains are great sources.