Can Chickens Eat Alfalfa? :Benefits and Risks

Chickens can have a wide variety of diets since they are omnivores. It includes not just insects and leaves but also snakes. That doesn’t make everything on their plates healthy, though. And so, can chickens consume alfalfa?

Alfalfa, without a doubt, is a healthy food option for hens. Nutritionally, the perennial flowering plant scores high marks. And because of the high protein content, it’s a fantastic choice for feeding hens. 

The positive effects of alfalfa on chickens are the subject of this article. You’ll also find some suggestions for feeding this nutritious plant to your chickens. 

Do Chickens Love Alfalfa? 

Alfalfa is a common forage crop used to provide nutrition for animals. It originates in both Eurasia & North Africa and is a relative of the common pea. The extensive root system of alfalfa plants acts as a natural anchor, keeping the soil surface and reducing the likelihood of erosion. 

Protein, vitamins, & minerals abound in the plant, adding to its already stellar reputation for healthfulness. Also, alfalfa is a great way to get the roughage you need for healthy digestion. 

For all of these factors, alfalfa is a crucial crop for individuals who raise cattle or make hay for animal feed. 

Benefits of Alfalfa for the Chickens –

Chickens can actually digest alfalfa, which might come as a surprise to you. Rich in protein & fiber, alfalfa is a popular feed crop. It’s great for chicken feed because of the many nutrients and vitamins it provides. 

There are, however, certain considerations to make before giving alfalfa to hens. First, they shouldn’t get more than 10 percent of their calories from alfalfa. Secondly, alfalfa hay or pellets are superior to fresh leaves. 

Finally, alfalfa can be dehydrating, so make sure there’s enough water available. By following these suggestions, you may ensure that the chickens are getting the proper nutrition.

Can Chickens Eat Alfalfa

Also Read:

Can Chickens Eat Tuna? Pros, Cons, and How to Feed It Safely

Alfalfa’s Positive Effects on Chickens 

Chickens are omnivores, meaning they will eat almost anything. Alfalfa is a popular choice among chicken feeds. Because of its high vitamin content, alfalfa can be beneficial for hens in a number of ways. 

Alfalfa has many positive effects when fed to hens –

  • Nutrient Dense

Alfalfa is a dietary powerhouse. It contains beneficial nutrients like vitamins A, C, & K and minerals like iron and calcium. Chickens benefit from these nutrients because they help them maintain good health & grow healthy feathers & bones. 

  • Protein 

Alfalfa’s high protein content is also beneficial to a chicken’s health. Alfalfa is a superior chicken feed choice due to its high protein content. 

For this reason, alfalfa is a superb choice for feeding young birds & chicks. Since hens need protein in order to lay eggs, this is also helpful for them. 

  • Fiber 

Alfalfa’s high fiber content aids chickens in their digestive processes. Constipation & diarrhea are two digestive problems that can be avoided with a diet high in fiber. 

Including alfalfa in the chickens’ food can aid in keeping them clean and healthy of stomach issues. Although alfalfa can be a beneficial addition to your chicken’s diet, you should be aware of a few things before feeding it to your birds. 

  • Moderation 

Never feed them more than 10% alfalfa. This is due to the high protein & calcium content of alfalfa, which can lead to health issues if consumed in excess by hens. 

Liver and kidney damage from too much protein, and bladder stones from too much calcium. Because of these concerns, alfalfa should be provided sparingly. 

  • Hydration

Because alfalfa can cause dehydration, it is essential to offer ample water while feeding it to hens. Water should always be available and fresh for the chickens. 

Alfalfa hay or pellets should be soaked in water for a few seconds before being given to chickens. The alfalfa will rehydrate and be more palatable to your chickens if you do this. 

Amount of Alfalfa should be given to Chickens –

Alfalfa is safe for chickens to eat on a regular basis. Chickens need a diet rich in calcium and protein both of which are abundant in alfalfa. In addition to its stress-relieving properties, alfalfa also supports digestive health. 

There is no set standard for how much alfalfa hens need to eat, but as a ballpark figure, roughly 1/4 cup per day is enough. Of course, this could have to be tweaked based on the specific requirements of your bird. Talk to your doctor or a poultry expert if you aren’t sure how so much alfalfa the chicken must be eating.

Can Chickens Eat Alfalfa

Preparing Alfalfa for Poultry Feed 

Feeding alfalfa to chickens requires some careful preparation. It all starts with chopping up some alfalfa. For the chickens’ sake, this will make eating simpler and aid with digestion. 

Second, put the alfalfa in water for at least an hour. The rough fibers can be loosened up by soaking, making the food more digestible for the birds. The last step is to incorporate the soaked alfalfa into your chicken’s daily diet or to give it to them as a special treat. To keep your chickens happy and healthy, implement these measures. 

Importance of Alfalfa Feeds for Baby Chickens –

Alfalfa is safe for chicks to eat, but only in very little doses. Protein & calcium in alfalfa is particularly beneficial because they allow young chickens to develop healthy skeletons and muscles. 

On the other hand, consuming excessive amounts of alfalfa might disrupt your digestive system and reduce your body’s ability to absorb other nutrients. Alfalfa is a healthy food, but it should be given to your chicks sparingly and supplemented with other, equally healthy diets, such as fresh vegetables & fruits. 

What to Feed Chickens So They Grow Up Strong and Healthy –

Chickens need to eat a well-balanced diet to ensure their health. For optimal health and egg production, they require a wide range of nutrients. Chickens need a diet high in fresh, green vegetables, as well as certain fruits & grains. 

While commercial chicken feed already has all the nutrients a chicken needs, you can still give them table scraps or specially developed chicken supplements to round out their diet. The chickens should have access to fresh water at all times. 

You need to keep an eye on their diet to make sure they are not eating or becoming sick from spoiled food. If you stick to these basic rules, your chickens will always have access to nutritious and balanced feed. 


Can Chickens Eat Alfalfa Hay? 

Many chickens, for whatever reason (the dryness of the hay or straw, for example), refuse to consume it. 

Are Alfalfa Sprouts Safe for Hens? 

If you’re trying to cultivate alfalfa in the backyard, this will likely be one of the primary challenges. The chickens won’t leave them alone to flourish; they’ll consume them right away. 

Do Alfalfa Pellets Work for Chickens? 

Some of the chickens may not eat the pellets because they are too dry, but the majority of them will. However, if you find that your chickens enjoy eating it, feel free to give it to them. 

And if your clucky hens aren’t having any of it, try drenching the pellets in water and seeing if they come around. Some hens prefer alfalfa pellets that have been soaked in water. 

Can Chickens Eat Alfalfa Cubes? 

Chickens will happily pick at alfalfa cubes, so go free to give them that, but we would recommend breaking them up into smaller bits for them to eat. 


A little bit of alfalfa in the chicken’s diet may help them out. Just make sure you do the necessary research and keep tabs on the chickens’ health to give them the balanced diet they need to thrive.

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